Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Eating Disorders in Spanish Nurses with Shift Patterns: A Cross-Sectional Study

Por: Leyva-Vela, B, Reche-Garcia, C, Jose Hernandez-Morante, J, Martinez-Olcina, M, Miralles-Amoros, L and Martinez-Rodriguez, A

Publicada: 1 jun 2021 Ahead of Print: 4 jun 2021
Background and Objectives: Shift work has a significant influence on the mental health of workers. Nursing is characterised by a rotational work system. This study aimed to determine whether there was a link between adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) and the risk of suffering an eating disorder (ED) in nurses according to their work shift. Materials and Methods: A total of 240 women (nurses and nursing assistants) were evaluated and completed the PREDIMED-PLUS questionnaire on adherence to the MD and the EAT-26 (Eating Attitude Test, 26 items). Results: The results indicate that there are no differences in adherence to the MD depending on the work shift, being that adherence to the diet is already low. Statistically significant differences appear depending on the work shift in the following dimensions: restrictive behaviours and bulimia subscales (presenting higher scores in the 7-h rotating shift versus the fixed morning shift or 12-h rotating shift) and for total EAT-26 score. Conclusion: Whilst they do not condition adherence to a MD, the nursing shifts that are the most changing in terms of time patterns may condition restrictive behaviours and compensatory risk behaviours related to an ED.

Leyva-Vela, Belen: Spain
Reche-Garcia, Cristina: Spain
Jose Hernandez-Morante, Juan: Spain
Martinez-Olcina, Maria: Spain
Miralles-Amoros, Laura: Spain
Martinez-Rodriguez, Alejandro: Spain
ISSN: 16489144

Kauno Medicinos Universitetas, ST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND, Lituania
Tipo de documento: Article
Volumen: 57 Número: 6
WOS Id: 000665984000001
ID de PubMed: 34199973
imagen Green Published, gold