Weight Loss Strategies in Male Competitors of Combat Sport Disciplines


Por: Martinez-Rodriguez, A, Vicente-Salar, N, Montero-Carretero, C, Cervello-Gimeno, E and Roche, E

Publicada: 1 sep 2021 Ahead of Print: 28 ago 2021
Resumen:
Background and objective: The use of suboptimal weight loss strategies in order to reach specific weight ranges as observed in combat sport disciplines can give rise to severe health problems. However, particular aspects regarding management of weight category comparing three sport disciplines remain to be investigated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to obtain information regarding the weight loss strategies that competitors performed before a tournament. Materials and Methods: This article describes the most common dietary-nutritional strategies used by 140 national university male competitors of judo (n = 52), karate (n = 40) and taekwondo (n = 48) in order to achieve a specific weight, according to the rapid weight loss questionnaire (RWLQ) and the EAT-27 questionnaire. Results: Around 50% of participants were not involved in a weight loss process. Among the remaining participants, we considered three periods for weight reduction: less than 1 week (35% in judo, 8% in karate and 19% in taekwondo), less than 1 month (17% in judo, 15% in karate and 26% in taekwondo) and more than 1 month (0% in judo, 5% in karate and 21% in taekwondo). Severe fasting, focused on food/water restriction, was the most commonly used strategy, being more frequent in judo players. Light weight judo practitioners generally lost 2-5 kg before the contest. One third of participants avoided carbohydrate consumption when performing food restriction. Finally, individuals that reduced weight in the last week seemed to develop an unhealthy psychological relationship with food. Conclusion: All these aspects could be particularly relevant, providing information regarding how competitors manage basic nutritional concepts that guide dieting strategies. This information is relevant to prepare future educational interventions in the area of nutrition for competitors, coaches and technical staff.

Direcciones
Martinez-Rodriguez, A: Univ Alicante, Fac Sci, Dept Analyt Chem Nutr & Food Sci, Alicante 03609, Spain; Alicante Inst Hlth & Biomed Res ISABIAL, Alicante 03010, Spain
Vicente-Salar, N: Alicante Inst Hlth & Biomed Res ISABIAL, Alicante 03010, Spain; Univ Miguel Hernandez, Inst Bioengn, Dept Appl Biol Nutr, Elche 03202, Spain
Montero-Carretero, C: Univ Miguel Hernandez Elche, Dept Sport Sci, Sport Res Ctr, Elche 03202, Spain
Cervello-Gimeno, E: Univ Miguel Hernandez Elche, Dept Sport Sci, Sport Res Ctr, Elche 03202, Spain
Roche, E: Alicante Inst Hlth & Biomed Res ISABIAL, Alicante 03010, Spain; Univ Miguel Hernandez, Inst Bioengn, Dept Appl Biol Nutr, Elche 03202, Spain; Inst Salud Carlos III ISCIII, CIBER Fisiopatol Obesidad & Nutr CIBEROBN, Madrid 28029, Spain
ISSN: 16489144





MEDICINA-LITHUANIA
Editorial
Kauno Medicinos Universitetas, ST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND, Lituania
Tipo de documento: Article
Volumen: 57 Número: 9
Páginas:
WOS Id: 000699648500001
ID de PubMed: 34577820
imagen Green Published, gold

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